Rose Planting takes a little more effort than any other plants you have in your garden. While it can be challenging, once you get the hang of it you will be proud to see those wonderful flower bloom. Learn how to plant roses, what are the different types of roses and rose care.
Types of Roses
You have to choose what type of rose before you start your rose garden.
This is not color or species but you have to choose between, container-grown, pre-packaged or bare-root roses.
- Container-grown roses are simply roses grown in a container. When you buy them you get the whole container with it. They are either budding or already blooming.
- Pre-Packaged are roses with roots sold in a box. The roots are covered with something to retain moisture
- Bare-root roses are roses with their roots. These are just the plant stem with roots. If you purchase roses as a bare root plant, soak the roots in warm water before you plant them in the soil. You can soak them for an hour or even 12 hours.
How Plant Roses
Planting a rose is not a lot different than planting any other flowers. Roses are just a bit more needy. They require more water and more fertilizer.
- When you start make sure you pick a good location that has drainage, a lot of sunlight and the area is not too overcrowded.
- Bare root roses are the best to plant. Make sure you cut off any dead leaves or roots. Be very careful not to cut off any healthy roots.
- The roots of roses are very important for rose growth. Make sure you have a hole dug up that is big enough for root growth. The bigger hole you dig the looser the soil will be giving more space for the roots to grow
- Mix some mulch or compost with the soil. Your roses need those extra nutrients.
- Your roses require a lot of fertilizer feeding too. Don’t over-fertilize and follow your fertilizer instructions as you do not want to more than needed. Water your roses every time you add fertilizer.
- Roses require a lot of water. If you are planting roses in the ground thoroughly water the ground till the ground is muddy. If you have roses in a container make sure they have big drainage holes and soak the soil with water.
Care for Roses
You will spend more time maintaining roses than other plants. But Rose Planting is worth it when you see your rose plant bloom. Following these steps will keep your roses healthy and beautiful.
Fertilize your roses during an active blooming period. This is the time they need the most nutrients. You want a fertilizer with a balance of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. You can find fertilizer, especially for roses. Roses generally bloom in 6-8 week cycles. Do not add any fertilizer after your roses bloom.
Pests and Diseases
Watch for pests and diseases. React quickly when you notice them. I will write more about common rose diseases below. You can use pesticides to control diseases and pests. Use organic pesticides according to their label directions. There are other ways to deal with pests if you do not wish to use chemicals (even though they are organic). Chemical pesticides will kill even welcomed insects like the ladybug. You can buy organic soaps that deal with most pests. Another interesting way to deal with unwanted insects is to buy beneficial insects that will prey on unwanted insects. For eg the praying mantis and ladybugs, you will probably get them in your local nursery.
Roses need constant watering all the time. If you have a large rose garden in the ground, water once a week thoroughly until the soil is thoroughly soaked. Drip Irrigation is very good for watering large spaces thoroughly and slowly. You can do this with soaker hoses. Soaker hoses are placed around your garden preferably under the mulch so it is hidden. The soaker hose is then attached to a regular watering hose. Container roses should be watered every day if you live in a very hot climate. In a warm dry climate, you will need to water once a week. This is just a rough guide, if you notice the soil dry or the leaves drooping, you need to water them more.
To encourage new growth and keep plants blooming remove spent blooms. Every time you see dead leaves or deadwood remove them. Pull out any weeds as you see them. Weeds can be hard to control once they have established in your garden. Do not use anti-weed chemicals.
Dealing with Rose Diseases
Your lovely roses are prone to a few diseases. Here are some common diseases and how to deal with them.
Rose Black Spot
Black spot is a very harmful disease for roses. It is caused by a fungus and damages the health of your rose plant. You will notice this if you see a dark patch on your rose leaves. This disease will cause your leaves to discolour and drop. Infected leaf should be removed along with any dead leaves around the rose.
This is a fungal disease called powdery mildew. A white fungal growth covers the stems, buds and leaves of the plant. These can be hard to spot as they can also grow under the leaf. Manage the location of your plant, good sunlight, good water drainage. Remove any dead leaves around your rose. You can use benomyl fungicide to cure this.
This is a disease that is characterised by black and orange tiny spots on your rose leaf. They may even appear on the stem of your rose plant. These are not as dangerous as black spot. Discard any leaves that are infected. A benomyl fungicide every alternate week may help.
Aphids are tiny soft insects that are green, red or brown. Often found on flower buds or clustered under rose leaves. They are sap-sucking insects. You can get rid of them with a homemade remedy. Take a few teaspoons of your dish washing liquid and mix it with water. Pour this into a spray bottle and spray onto the affected areas. You can use vinegar instead of dish washing liquid too
Thrips are very tiny , brown-yellow bugs. They like sucking juices from your flower buds and have wings. You want to take care of the ASAP as they feed in large groups and lay eggs to reproduce. Spotting these tiny insects early is a good thing. To avoid them keep your rose plant clear from any debris. Prune and discard any infested flowers.
Rose Planting is all about watering, providing fertilizer and nutrients. You need to observe your plants well to maintain them. Most diseases can be spot with your eyes and you can deal with them before they spread. Even though it might be more work roses are the most unique and beautiful plants. Check out our flower gardening guide.